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Physical Science New Syllabus and Question Paper Analysis

Tenth ClassNew Physical Science textbook has been introduced from this academic year i.e. 2014-15. Examination question paper will be in Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) model.

Physics and Chemistry were different parts in old syllabus. As new books are introduced the evaluation process is modified, these two parts have combined together with a total of 14 units into a single textbook. Out of 14 units, first 7 units are Physics and the remaining 7 units are Chemistry.

Physics consists of -
  • Heat
  • Electricity
  • Electromagnetism
  • Reflection of Light on Different Surface
  • Refraction at Plane Surface
  • Refraction at Curved Surface
  • Human Eye and Colourful World
Chemistry consists of-
  • Chemical Reactions and Equations
  • Structure of Atom
  • Metallurgy
  • The Periodic Table
  • Acids and Bases
  • Carbon and its Compounds
  • Chemical Bonding
Heat, Human Eye and Colourful World and Electromagnetism are newly added chapters in Physics. Metallurgy and Chemical Reactions & Equations are new chapters in Chemistry. The basic concepts of Heat were introduced in 7th standard, concepts of Light were introduced in 6th and 7th standards, concepts about Atomic Structure were introduced in 9th Standard and the concepts of Electricity were introduced in 6th, 7th and 8th standards.

Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding, Reflection of Light, Refraction of Light, Carbon and its Compounds and Electricity are important chapters. The chapter Human Eye and Colourful World has to be studied by applying it in Biology. Student must have awareness about the basic concepts and formulas of Mathematics to get good command over the chapters Heat and Light.

The concepts in the new syllabus are in elaborated form. So it is better to study the lesson before going to class. Students must be ready to discuss on questions and topics given in related headings like “Do you know”, “Think and discuss”, “Improve your learning”, “What we have learnt”.

The students who want to get full marks must go through the entire book, irrespective of important topics.
  • One should identify his/her weaknesses by analyzing the performance in school level exams.
  • Generally students will do mistakes in
    1. Solving problems
    2. Improper labeling for a diagram
    3. Forgetting the units, constants, formulae etc.
    4. Command over the objective paper
    5. Improper presentation of answers at the time of examination.
Questions – Weightage
Blue print of question paper will be developed reflecting weightage to the nature of questions (i.e. very short answer, short answer, essay etc) and to the academic standards (i.e. how many marks and how many questions shall be allocated to each academic standard etc.).

No specific weightage is given to the lessons / units. Questions may be given from any lesson / any part of the textbook in a jumbled manner.

During the preparation of question papers, the experts shall keep the weightage tables in mind. Types of question are - essay, short answer, very short answer and objective; and questions will also be divided based on academic standards.

How to get Ready for Exams?
Choice will not be given for 2 mark, 1 mark and objective type questions. Only internal choice is available for 4 mark questions. Therefore every chapter must be learned completely.

Exam Pattern
Physical Science subject will have 50 marks; and the examination duration is 2.30 hours in addition to 15 minutes for reading the question paper.

The 50 marks paper is the combination of Summative and Formative Assessments.

Summative Assessment
  • Three summative tests must be conducted in each academic year for Class X. Public examination is conducted by the Board of Secondary Education in place of third summative test.
  • First and second Summative Assessments shall be conducted by schools themselves by preparing question papers for 80% of marks. This ensures that the children are trained to write public exams.
Summative Assessment Pattern

Type of questions

Number of Questions

Marks for each question

Total marks

Essay type questions




Short answer questions




Very short answer questions




Objective type questions




Formative Assessment Pattern
20% of marks for the internals are allocated to formative assessment. The areas and marks for the formative assessment are given here under.

Sl. No.

Item for Formative Assessment




Physical Science – Doing the experiments and writing in the record.



A child’s written work in their notebooks – Self expression / writing to the questions/ tasks given in the exercise part under each unit / lesson. The children shall not copy the answers from guides / study materials etc. but they should think and write on their own. (These are basically class room note books)



Project works



Slip test





  • A separate notebook for the formative assessment pertaining to three items of serial numbers 1, 3 and 4 of the above table shall be maintained by each student. Serial number 2 talks about running notes taking in classroom. Students must maintain separate notebooks for taking running notes in the classroom.
  • The classroom notebooks of the children must be preserved and they will be used as the basis for awarding marks by the teacher and for the verification of officials whenever required. The average of four FAs will be accounted for 20% of marks in public examinations under each subject
Pass Marks and Minimum Marks for Passing
    • 35% is the pass marks for all the language and non language subjects. Students must qualify in external exam (SA).
    • In non-language subjects, the students need not pass in each of the two papers separately.
    • Student must score a minimum of 35% of marks in each subject (aggregate of Paper 1 and Paper 2). Students must secure 28 marks in external public exam.

The marks based grading for Class X with the range is given here under.


Marks in Languages (100 M)

Marks in Non Languages (50 M)

Grade points


91 to 100 marks

46 to 50 marks



81 to 90 marks

41 to 45 marks



71 to 80 marks

36 to 40 marks



61 to 70 marks

31 to 35 marks



51 to 60 marks

26 to 30 marks



41 to 50 marks

21 to 25 marks



35 to 40 marks

18 to 20 marks



0 to 34 marks

0 to 17 marks


Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) will be calculated by taking the arithmetic average of grade points.
Examinations will be conducted in new pattern from this academic year (2014-15). So far the students have examined previous exam papers to recognize and practice important problems. It is not possible any more with new syllabus and new exam pattern. The topics in new textbook have similarity with CBSE syllabus. So, previous exam papers of CBSE can be collected to get an idea as to what kind of questions can be asked.
Published on 7/16/2014 5:22:00 PM

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