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Civil Engineering- Course structure and best colleges offering the course

Dr M V Seshagiri Rao,
Prof. & HOD, Department of Civil Engineering,
JNTU College of Engineering,
Hyderabad.

Engineering is a well respected profession in India. More and more students are choosing engineering as an undergraduate major and also as a career path. Civil Engineering is one of the most superior or high-ranking professions in India. It is considered to be one of the oldest engineering disciplines. The need for improvement in infrastructure to match the international standards is realized today, generating jobs for civil engineers.

Eligibility :
An educational career in civil engineering can be started after class 10th. Here the individual is only eligible to pursue Diploma program in civil engineering. After successful completion of the course, he/she can join as a junior engineer in various public and private sector jobs, defense jobs, jobs in railways etc.

The minimum eligibility for doing undergraduate program i.e. BE/B.Tech in Civil Engineering is + 2 Science with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The selection is generally made on the basis of entrance tests (e.g. IITJEE, AIEEE, BITSAT etc.) conducted at both national and state level.

One can also continue his/her study further by joining ME/M.Tech programs offered by various engineering colleges/universities including the IITs and NITs. A GATE qualification can further make one’s admission process easier.

AMIE Associate Memberships of the Institution of Engineers also offers courses in civil engineering which is equivalent to BE/B.Tech provided by other institutes/universities.

Course Structure
Conventionally the courses being taught to the students in the Civil Engineering branch currently have very high bias towards structural engineering. Structural engineering subjects take about 50 percent of total course load while the remaining 4 areas take 50 percent, all together. It is a paradox that most of the final year civil student's projects end up with design of different structures that have no relevance to current or near future needs of industry.
The developments in space applications in terms of very high resolution remote sensing satellites, geographic information systems software and information technology, have lead to the emergence of new areas of disciplines, new challenges and enlarged requirements of civil engineering profession to cater to some of the following topics / tasks:
Environmental management, Transportation management, Water Resource management, Business and Services management, Automated City and rural area road network map, Applications in Urban infrastructure, waste management and comprehensive planning ,Property insurance and crisis management ,Disaster management ,Vehicle routing, tracking and mapping, Agriculture / Forest management, Topographical surveying Data simulation, visualization Real estate, banking, media, entertainment, tourism Electric power supply utilities planning Telecommunications etc

Redefining the graduate Civil Engineering Curriculum
There is a clear focus on the need for IT enabled civil engineers. In this emerging scenario the present course structure of Civil Engineering requires bifurcation into two branches. These two branches can be named or grouped into the following-
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Environmental Information Technology- or Geo-spatial Information Technology
Civil and Structural Engineering-
This branch deals with conventional civil engineering with 60 percent emphasis on Structural engineering and 25 percent on IT related subjects and the non structural engineering Civil engineering subjects constitute remaining 15 percent. The course broadly covers- Theory of Structures, Structural engineering, geo-technical engineering, AutoCAD, Geographic Information systems, computer aided structural design and analysis-geomorphology, computer graphics and IT related subjects, Environmental Information Technology-/ Geo-spatial Information Technology - Surveying, Remote Sensing, Geographic Information Systems, soft copy Photogrammetry, Transportation, Water Resources, Irrigation management, urban planning, global positioning systems, digital image processing, Computer graphics and IT related subjects.
As the topics of application of civil engineering profession are concerned with earth, environment and people, there is a definite requirement for visualization of products, processes, terrain and structures. As such the development and application of visualization software tools will be accorded high priority in the curriculum.

Courses in Civil Engineering
  • B.Tech/ B.E. Civil Engineering
  • B.E. Construction Engineering
  • B.E. Transportation Engineering
  • B.E.(Hons) Civil Engineering
  • Certificate Course in Building Design
  • Certificate Course in Construction Supervisor
  • Civil Engineering (AMICE)
  • Diploma in Civil Engineering
  • M.Tech/M.E. Structural Engineering
  • M.E. Construction Engineering and Management
  • M.Tech/M.E. Geotechnical Engineering
  • M.Tech/M.E. Transportation Engineering
  • M.Tech/M.E. Water Resources and Hydraulics Engineering
  • M.Tech/M.E. Geoenvironmental Engineering
  • M.Tech/M.E. Infrastructural Engineering
  • M.E. Urban Engineering
  • M.Tech. Computer Aided Structural Engineering
  • M.Tech. Construction Engineering and Management
  • M.Tech. Constructional Technology and Management
  • M.Tech. Transportation Engineering
Best Colleges offering Civil Engineering courses:
BE/B.Tech course in Civil engineering is offered by almost all engineering colleges/technological universities including the IITs and NITs. The pioneer institutes are the Indian Institutes of Technology, Birla Institute of Technology, National Institutes of Technology, Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), College of Engineering and Technology (Anna University), Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTUH), Osmania University and several other state level engineering colleges such as CBIT, VNRVJIT etc.
IIT’s ,NIT’s, BITS Pilani, JNTU, Osmania Engineering college, CBIT etc are few reputed colleges offering best education in Civil engineering.

Some International Universities offering best education in civil engineering are:
  • USA: Berkeley, University of California
  • School of Civil Engineering, Purdue University
  • Civil and Environmental Engineering, A. James Clark School of Engineering, University of Maryland
  • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University
  • Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, The Fu Foundation School of Engineering & Applied Science, Columbia University
  • Australia: Queensland University of Technology
  • Civil Engineering, University of Technology, Sydney
  • School of Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering, The University of Adelaide
  • Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales
  • Civil Engineering, Melbourne School of Engineering
  • UK: Manchester University
  • Civil, Structural & Environmental Engineering, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge
  • Department of Civil, Environmental & Geomatic Engineering, University College, London
  • Department of Civil Engineering, University of Southampton
  • School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Leeds
  • Canada: McGill University
  • Civil Engineering, Schulich School of Engineering University of Calgary
  • Department of Civil Engineering, The University of British Columbia
  • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carleton University
  • Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Science, Ryerson University
Distance Education Colleges in Civil Engineering in Andhra Pradesh
  • Acharya Nagarjuna University Centre for Distance Education, Nagarjuna nagar (Andhra Pradesh)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University School of Continuing and Distance Education, Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh)
The Institute of Civil Engineers, Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh)
OPP:ATI Ramanathapur , Hyderabad (Hyderabad Dist.) – 500013
www.sakshieducation.com
Published on 6/2/2011
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