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8th December 2018 Current Affairs-Bitwise

International
Current Affairs Japan government enacts new law to accept foreign workers
  • Japanese government enacted a new law to bring more blue-collar foreign workers into the country to address chronic labour shortages.
  • Under the new law, Japan plans to bring in 3 lakh 45 thousand foreign workers in construction, food services, nursing and other sectors for five years.
  • The law allows foreign nationals with skills in sectors facing severe shortages to obtain five-year visas, which will not allow them to bring their families.

NASA’s InSight lander 'hears' Martian winds
  • NASA's InSight lander, which touched down on Mars in November month, has provided the first-ever "sounds" of Martian wind on the Red Planet.
  • InSight sensors captured a haunting low rumble caused by vibrations from the wind, estimated to be blowing between 10 to 15 miles per hour on December 1, NASA said.
  • According to NASA, two very sensitive sensors on the spacecraft detected these wind vibrations. The two instruments recorded the wind noise in different ways.
  • The air pressure sensor, which will collect meteorological data, recorded these air vibrations directly. The seismometer recorded lander vibrations caused by the wind moving over the spacecraft's solar panels.
  • InSight landed safely at Elysium Planitia on Mars on November 26, kicking off a two-year mission to explore the deep interior of the Red Planet.

OPEC & its allies agree to cut oil output by 12 lakh barrels day to boost global oil markets
  • The Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and its allies agreed to cut oil output by 12 lakh barrels a day to boost global oil markets.
  • OPEC, the group of 14 nations, will cut crude oil output by 8 lakh barrels per day, while Russia and its allied producers would slash around 4 lakh barrels.
  • This was stated by Iraq's Oil Minister Thamer Abbas al-Ghadhban after the meeting of OPEC members and its allies in Vienna.

National
FAO Council approves India’s proposal to observe International Year of Millets in 2023
  • Food and Agriculture organization, FAO Council has approved India’s proposal to observe an International Year of Millets in 2023.
  • This will enhance global awareness to bring back these nutri-cereals to the plate.
  • Millets consists of Jowar, Bajra, Ragi and minor millets together termed as nutri-cereals. In addition, the FAO Council has also approved India’s membership to the Executive Board of the United Nations World Food Program for 2020 and 2021.

Armed Forces Flag Day, a day to express gratitude to the martyrs
  • 7th December marks the Armed Forces Flag Day. It is a day to express gratitude to the martyrs as well as the men and women in uniform.
  • It is important to give an assurance to the soldier who guards the honour of the nation at the borders.

Government appoints Krishnamurthy Subramanian as new Chief Economic Advisor
  • The government appointed Dr Krishnamurthy Subramanian as the new Chief Economic Advisor. Dr Subramanian will have a tenure of three years.
  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has cleared his name. He is currently working as an Associate Professor in Indian School of Business, Hyderabad.

Sports
Men’s Hockey WC: Australia records comprehensive 11-0 victory against China
  • Australia annihilated China 11-nil in the final Pool B match of the Men's Hockey World Cup 2018, in Bhubaneswar. Black Govers scored a hat trick.
  • The Aussies fell short of their own World Cup record of 12- nil win against South Africa in 2010. With this victory, Australia tops Pool B with 3 wins and 9 points.
  • Australia has already booked a place in the quarter-finals when they routed England 3-nil in the second match. China ended winless in all the three games it played.
  • England beat Ireland 4-2. With this win, England with 4 points from 2 wins in 3 matches is placed second in the table.

India stretch lead to101 over Australian in first test
  • India stretched their lead over Australia to 101 on the third day of the opening Test in Adelaide on 08 December, 2018 for the loss of two wickets, with opener KL Rahul plundering the attack for 44.
  • For India, Ravichandran Ashwin finished with 3-57 and Jasprit Bumrah had 3-47.

Business
Ministry of Tourism formulates guidelines for approval, reapproval of OTA to ensure adequate safeguards
  • Online Travel Aggregators (OTA) to ensure adequate safeguards against deficiency of service, alternate arrangements and punitive deterrence.
  • The voluntary scheme is open to bonafide online travel aggregators to bring them on a common platform in the organized sector.
  • The guidelines will be rolled out online by the end of December month.
  • The Ministry will grant recognition as an approved OTA for five years, based on the inspection report and recommendations of a committee and approval of the chairman of The Hotel & Restaurant Approval & Classification Committee.
  • Re-approval, thereafter, shall also be granted for five years after inspection conducted by a Committee of the same constitution.
Published on 12/8/2018 6:51:00 PM

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